Mediterranean Monk Seal and Caribbean Monk Seal Pictures

 
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Mediterranean Monk Seal and Caribbean Monk Seal Photos Showing These Pinnepeds From Warm Seas

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Monk Seals are shy pinnepeds that are highly sensitive to disturbance by man, and are the only pinnepeds to live in warm subtropical seas. They are divided into three species: Mediterranean monk seal, Monachus monachus, West Indian or Caribbean monk seal, Monachus tropicalis, and the Hawaiian monk seal, Monachus schauinslandi.

Mediterranean monk seals, are critically endangered. They are found in caves and on small islands around the Mediterranean sea, the Adriatic sea, and the islands of Madeira, Canaria, and the Atlantic Ridge. They feed on fish and cotopus. Although they are protected, the population is estimated at less than 500, and is declining. Hunting for its skin prior to this century reduced the population considerably. More recently, the main threats facing the Mediterranean monk seal are deliberate killing by fishermen who consider it a competitor for fish, entanglement in fishing gear, disturbance and habitat loss through development and tourism including recreational diving, disease, and the effects of toxic algal blooms.  They grow to about 8 feet long, and weigh between 660 and 690 pounds.

The Caribbean monk seal was confirmed extinct in June 2008. Surveys of its former habitat, from Bahamas through the Florida keys and the Yucatan peninsula, Cuba and Jamaica, have produced no sightings. Its extinction is due to severe over-hunting by humans, the only seal to go extinct from human causes. From the 1700s to 1900s, the seals were exploited for their blubber, which was processed into oil and used for lubrication, coating the bottom of boats, and as lamp and cooking oil. Seal skins were used to make trunk linings, articles of clothing, straps and bags.

The Hawaiian monk seal is highly endangered with less than 1200 individuals. For more on the Hawaiian Monk Seal, click here.

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Picture of Mediterranean monk seal, Monachus monachus, endangered, Deserta Islands, Portugal, Atlantic

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Image of Mediterranean monk seals, Monachus monachus, endangered, Deserta Islands, Portugal, Atlantic

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Photo of Mediterranean monk seal, Monachus monachus, endangered, Deserta Islands, Portugal, Atlantic

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Stock photo of Mediterranean monk seal, Monachus monachus, endangered, illustration

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Picture of Mediterranean monk seal, Monachus monachus, endangered, Deserta Islands, Portugal, Atlantic

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Image of Great white shark, Carcharodon carcharias, tossing Mediterranean monk seal, Monachus monachus, pen and ink illustration.

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Photo of Mediterranean monk seal, Monachus monachus, endangered, Deserta Islands, Portugal, Atlantic

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Stock photo of Mediterranean monk seal, Monachus monachus, endangered, Deserta Islands, Portugal, Atlantic

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Picture of Mediterranean monk seal, Monachus monachus, endangered, Deserta Islands, Portugal, Atlantic

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Image of Mediterranean monk seals, Monachus monachus, endangered, Deserta Islands, Portugal, Atlantic

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Photo of Mediterranean monk seal, Monachus monachus, endangered, Deserta Islands, Portugal, Atlantic

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Stock photo of Mediterranean monk seal, Monachus monachus, endangered, Deserta Islands, Portugal, Atlantic

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Picture of Caribbean monk seal, Monachus tropicalis, extinct, illustration

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